Wednesday, February 29, 2012

Everil Worrell (1893-1969)

Aka Lireve Monet, Everil W. Murphy
Author, Painter, Singer, Clubwoman, Government Worker
Born November 3, 1893, Loop City, Nebraska
Died November 27, 1969, Washington, D.C.

Today ends "Women in Horror Month," designed to celebrate artists, writers, filmmakers, and other women who have contributed to the horror genre. There is of course a subtle difference between weird fiction and its kindred genres of horror, fantasy, and science fiction. I'll leave it to someone else to draw the line. In any case, today, in observance of "Women in Horror Month," I would like to tell about Everil Worrell, one of the most prolific contributors to the magazine Weird Tales.

In the 1970s, author, editor, and Weird Tales expert Robert Weinberg issued a series of six small, numbered volumes called The Weird Tales Collector. One of the highlights of the inaugural issue is a biography and bibliography of Everil Worrell, written by her daughter, Jeanne Eileen Murphy, and annotated by Mr. Weinberg. I can't top Ms. Murphy's account of her mother's life and work. Instead I'll just hit the high points.

From birth, Everil Worrell must have been destined to write tales of the weird and fantastic. She was born at the witching hour, one minute after midnight, on November 3, 1893, the day after All Souls' Day, or, in Latin America, the Day of the Dead. She was an only child and the daughter of a school principal, teacher, accounting auditor, and patent examiner. In her youth, she lived with her family in Nebraska, Iowa, Montana, Oregon, Guam, Washington, D.C., and finally Arlington, Virginia. Everil Worrell studied music, voice, literature, English, and psychology at George Washington University and the University of California at Berkeley and afterwards went to work for the U.S. government as a secretary and stenographer.

Everil married Joseph Charles Murphy in early 1926. A few months later, Weird Tales published the first of her nineteen stories for the magazine. Her last appeared in the March 1954 issue, only a few months before Weird Tales gave up the ghost, thus giving her one of the longest tenures with the magazine. Eighteen of those stories were under her own name. One--"Norn"--appeared under the byline Lireve Monet. (1) Everil also wrote a number of letters to "The Eyrie" and contributed to other fantasy magazines, including Ghost Stories ("The Key and the Child," Oct. 1930; "None So Blind," Mar. 1931) and Mystic Magazine ("The White Gull," Aug. 1955). Several of her stories were reprinted in later collections, and one--"The Canal"--was adapted to television in an episode of Rod Serling's Night Gallery.

In addition to being a writer, Everil Worrell played the violin, sang, painted, and joined a number of clubs, including the League of American Pen Women, the Writer's League of Washington, and the Society of Free Lance Writers. While living in Washington, D.C., she also met with others who wrote for or were fans of Weird Tales, including Julius P. Hopkins, Seabury Quinn, Bruce Bryan, Earl Peirce, Jr., and William and Elizabeth Foster. She, like countless others, "was broken hearted when Weird Tales folded in 1954."

Everil Worrell retired on the last day of 1957 and received the Albert Gallatin Award from the U.S. Department of Treasury for her years of service. She died eight years later, on Thanksgiving Day, 1969, at age seventy-six. Her daughter described her as "a wonderful person and a wonderful mother," adding "she left much beauty and goodness behind her and I know she will always be safe with God."

(1) Lireve is Everil spelled backwards, while Monet is an adaptation of her mother's name, Manatt. In The Weird Tales Collector, Robert Weinberg wondered whether the name O.M. Cabral could have been her pseudonym as well. According to Wikisource, O.M. Cabral was the American author Kenneth MacNichol (1887-1955). (Update [Mar. 18, 2022]: It turns out that is not true at all, for O.M. Cabral was Olga Marie Cabral, wife of Kenneth MacNichol.) Finally, Everil Worrell's nineteen stories for "The Unique Magazine" would place her among the top twenty-five or thirty authors in terms of prolificacy.

Everil Worrell's Stories and Letters in Weird Tales
"The Bird of Space" (Sept. 1926)
"The Cattle of Furos" (Oct. 1926)
"Leonora" (Jan. 1927; reprinted Nov. 1938)
"The Canal" (Dec. 1927; reprinted Apr. 1935)
"From Beyond" (Apr. 1928)
"The Elemental Law" (June 1928)
"The Vulture Crag" (Aug. 1928)
"The Rays of the Moon" (Sept. 1928)
"An Adventure in Anaesthesia" (Feb. 1929)
"The Gray Killer" (Nov. 1929)
"Light-Echoes" (May 1930)
"Deadlock" (Sept. 1931)
"Norn" as by Lireve Monet (Feb. 1936)
"The Hollow Moon" (May 1939)
"The High Tower" (July 1942)
Letter to "The Eyrie" (July 1942)
"Hideaway" (Nov. 1951)
"Once There Was a Little Girl" (Jan. 1953)
Letter to "The Eyrie" (May 1953)
"I Loved Her with My Soul" (Sept. 1953)
Letter to "The Eyrie" (Sept. 1953)
"Call Not Their Names" (Mar. 1954)
Letter to "The Eyrie" (Mar. 1954)

Further Reading
Several of Everil Worrell's stories have been reprinted in paperback and hardbound anthologies. A simple Internet search will yield plenty of results.

Everil Worrell wrote nineteen stories for Weird Tales and made the cover three times. From top to bottom: "The Bird of Space" (Sept. 1926), art by E.M Stevenson"The Gray Killer" (Nov. 1929), art by C.C. Senf"Once There Was a Little Girl" (Jan. 1953), art by Frank Kelly FreasEveril's daughter recounted that her parents "had the walls of their apartment decorated with the art work for her stories and the covers of issues of Weird Tales. When I was born (in 1928), however, they thought they'd better take the pictures down because they didn't want to frighten the baby!"

Updated and corrected on March 18, 2022; January 5, 2023.
Text and captions copyright 2012, 2023 Terence E. Hanley


  1. I have done indexing of some of the pulp writers and I think the actual number of stories is 21. Here is the list:
    The Bird of Space - (Novelette) - [Frank Alison] (September 1926) ---
    Cattle of Furos - (Short Story) - [Frank Alison] (October 1926) ---
    Leonora - (Short Story) - (January 1927) ---
    The Canal - (Novelette) - (December 1927) ---
    From Beyond - (Short Story) - (April 1928) ---
    The Elemental Law - (Novelette) - (June 1928) ---
    Vulture Crag - (Novelette) - (August 1928) ---
    The Rays of the Moon - (Short Story) - (September 1928) ---
    An Adventure in Anesthesia - (Short Story) - (February 1929) ---
    The Gray Killer - (Novelette) - (November 1929) ---
    Light-Echoes - (Short Story) - (May 1930) ---
    Deadlock - (Novelette) - (September 1931) ---
    The Canal - (Novelette) - (April 1935) ---
    Norn - (Novelette) - (February 1936) ---
    Leonora - (Short Story) - (November 1938) ---
    The Hollow Moon - (Novelette) - (May 1939) ---
    The High Tower - (Short Story) - (July 1942) ---
    Hideaway - (Novelette) - (November 1951) ---
    Once There Was a Little Girl - (Novelette) - (January 1953) ---
    I Loved Her with My Soul - (Novelette) - (September 1953) ---
    Call Not Their Names - (Novelette) - (March 1954) ---

    1. Hi, Sachin,

      You and I have simply counted Everil Worrell's stories differently. I have counted the individual stories but not the reprints. You have counted the reprints, of which there are two. Thus my number--19--versus yours--21.

      Thanks for writing.


  2. Hi Terence thanks for pointing that out. I didn't realize the duplicates.